French Saint-Clair, Scottish Sinclair, Latin Sanctus Clarus
The recorded history of the last Merovingian family tree begins here
Motto: Revela Domino opera tua - Show the Lord your work
The two most interesting father figures of my Russian heritage whose descendants later merged with the offspring of the Sinclair of Mourtell Clan: 'Sotnik' Ivan Pereswetoff and 'Knyaz' Vasily Yuryevich Bulgakov-Golitsyn who served the very first Russian 'Tsar' Ivan IV a.k.a. Ivan the Terrible, as a 'Boyar' and 'Voivod'.
The Sotnik title literally means Centurion.
The Knyaz title is translated as Prince though etymologically it means King, as it stems from the Germanic word Kuningaz. Knyaz also means Catholic Priest in other slavic languages.
Boyar was the rank of nobility second only to Knyaz, and stems from Russian 'Boj' which meant combat/battle et cetera.
The Voivod title literally means 'Army Leader'.
Family Research 22.01.2021
Direct descendents bearing this coat of arms, Ksenia Ivanovna Vsevolozhskaya and her father Ivan Ivanovich Vsevolozhsky.
The Most Bright Kings Golitsyn (Golitsyn = Serene)
Светлейшие князья Голицыны
Ivan Vasilivitch Bulgak-Patrikeyev
Golítsyny (Svetleyshiye knyaz'ya Golitsyny, Golitsyny-grafy Ostermany, Golitsyny-Prozorovskiye, Golitsyny-Golovkiny) — russkiy knyazheskiy rod, Gediminovichi, vetv' knyazey Patrikeyevykh.
Голи́цыны (Светлейшие князья Голицыны, Голицыны-графы Остерманы, Голицыны-Прозоровские, Голицыны-Головкины) — русский княжеский род, Гедиминовичи, ветвь князей Патрикеевых.
The Golitsyns (Most Bright Kings Golitsyn, Golitsyn-Graphs Osterman, Golitsyn-Prozorovskie, Golitsyn-Golovkin) - Russian kingly family, Gediminovich, a branch of the Patrikeyev kings.
Khan's of the Kumans
The Turkic Connection
The Kumans, also known as Polovtsians or Polovtsy, were a Turkic nomadic people comprising the western branch of the Kuman–Kipchak confederation. In 1237 A.D. the Mongol successor to Gengis Khan, Ögedei Khan, invaded the Kievan Rus', though my connection to the Kuman Khans ends much earlier than that.